About these Teaching Notes These teaching notes are part of a series of resources from Our World in Data.They have been designed to support those interested in teaching and learning about global development, and they require no background knowledge. Here we touch on the following questions: What are the private and social returns to education? How has the quantity and quality of education changed over time? What are the main challenges going forward? For more teaching notes visit: ourworldindata.org/teaching-notes
"For policymakers, the main message from the summary of the evidence is that a “business as usual” approach of expanding spending on education (most of which is spent on increasing fairly standard inputs into education) is unlikely to have much impact on improving learning outcomes beyond that predicted by the cross-country relationship between per capita income and learning outcomes. On the other hand, interventions that focus on improved and more effective pedagogy (especially providing foundational literacy and numeracy skills to the millions of first-generation learners who are falling behind the pace of curriculum), and on improved governance of the education system (especially teacher performance and accountability) are likely to yield considerably greater returns on increased spending."
(Glewwe and Muralidharan 2016, Page 85)
About the author: Esteban Ortiz-Ospina is an economist at the University of Oxford. He is a Senior Researcher at the Oxford Martin Programme on Global Development. About Our World in Data:Our World in Data is an online publication that shows how living conditions are changing. The aim is to give a global overview and to show changes over the very long run, so that we can see where we are coming from, where we are today, and what is possible for the future. www.ourworldindata.org | @eortizospina